BS Hons Surgical Technology

 Surgical Technology

Program Name

BS Hons Surgical Technology

Duration

4 Years, 8 Semesters

Recognition

Higher Education Commission (HEC), Govt. of Pakistan and Pakistan Allied Health Professional Council Islamabad

What is Surgical Technology?

BS hons Surgical Technology

A surgical technologist, also called a scrub, scrub tech, surgical technician, or operating room technician, is an allied health professional working as a part of the team delivering surgical care. Surgical technologists are members of the surgical team. The members of the team include the surgeon, surgeon’s assistant, circulator nurse and anesthesia provider (anesthesiologist). They possess knowledge and skills in sterile and aseptic techniques. There are few mandatory professional requirements for surgical technologists, and the scope of practice varies widely across countries and jurisdictions.

In the last 2 decades allied health professionals have made their place in the medical world, many new fields have emerged due to their excessively increasing scope in international market. In Pakistan still a wave of war persists between medical and para-medical staff due to name game, though these professions have gained remarkable reputation in the western and middle-eastern countries.

BS hons. Surgical technology was started almost a decade ago in renowned medical institutes and universities of Karachi, Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Azad Kashmir. Surgical technologists can work in government and federal sector as grade 16/17 professionals though they have limited number of seats in THQ and DHQ hospitals despite of huge workload. It’s solely government’s responsibility to acknowledge the credibility of allied health professionals by increasing their seats in government hospitals and raising their salary packages so that they can acquire their basic rights. Most surgical technologists — about 60 percent in the United States — work in hospitals, mainly in operating and delivery rooms. Surgical technologists are also adaptive to deal with equipment handling and handling a C-arm fluoroscope in angioplasty and orthopedics and in many other departments as well. A surgical technologist with multiple experiences is preferred. Other jobs are in office of physicians or dentists who perform outpatient surgery and in outpatient care centers, including ambulatory surgery centers.  In the US, depending on the role and employment setting, they may go by different titles including Scrub Surgical Technologist, Circulating Surgical Technologist or Second Assisting Technologist. A few technologists in private practice (also called ‘private scrubs’) are employed directly by surgeons who have special surgical teams, like those for liver transplants.

The goal is for surgical technologists to be able to anticipate the next move the surgeon is going to make in order to make the procedure as smooth and efficient as possible. They do this by having knowledge of hundreds of surgical procedures and the steps the surgeon needs to take in order to complete the procedure, including the very wide range of surgical instruments they may need. Specialties can include, but are not limited to, the following: genitourinary, obstetrics and gynaecology, urology, ENT, plastics, general, orthopedics, neurology, and cardiovascular. They only work in surgical or perioperative areas and are highly specialized.

Graduates of BS hons Dental Hygiene can pursue their post-graduation i.e. MSc/MS/PG. Dip/PHD in hospital care management, Public health, Surgical science and practice and Surgical interventional sciences. MS in public health and hospital care management are being offered by various universities in Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi and Peshawar but MS in other fields is only available in Foreign countries which is certainly not in the vicinity of every student, due to lack of institutions offering post-graduate courses students are compelled to apply in foreign universities to continue their studies as a simple graduate suffers a lot in the field and has few chances to excel in professional career. It’s not possible for every student to go abroad either due to family reservations or due to excessive financial burden. Government needs to pay strong attention regarding this dilemma of our society in order to meet international standards.

There are multiple universities in Germany, Australia, Canada, Sweden, United Kingdom, China, America and Middle-eastern countries that offer post-graduation courses on partial and full scholarships, their entire detail is available on the sites of universities. Moreover students can work with foreign professors as research associates and research internees. In order to do clinical practice, license acquisition is necessary, there are various competency exams for above mentioned countries such as PCE for Canada, HCPC for UK and MOH for UAE and middle-eastern countries.

Job placements

Career prospects for surgical technologists are expected to grow in the coming years. According to the U.S. Bureau for Labor Statistics, employment of surgical technologists is expected to grow in the country by 39 percent between 2006 and 2016, much faster than the average for all occupations.  This trend is related to the expected rise in the number of surgical procedures performed, as the population grows and ages. Older people, including the baby boom generation, who generally require more surgical procedures, will account for a larger portion of the general population. In addition, technological advances, such as fiber optics and laser technology, will permit an increasing number of new surgical procedures to be performed and also will allow surgical technologists to assist with a greater number of procedures.

Appointments:

Government sector: Grade 16/17 Professional.

Seats: 2 to 3 in Operation theaters of all surgical Departments in DHQ and THQ Hospitals.

Private sector:

Private Hospitals.

Teaching Hospitals as Clinical Instructors and Educationists

Learning Outcomes

Following competencies will be expected from a student completing 4 years degree course in BS Surgical Technology. The student should be proficient to:

  • Provide quality patient care in routine as well as advanced Operative procedures.
  • Assessing and interpreting prescriptions.
  • Consulting to jointly consider changes that are beneficial to the patient.
  • Evaluate performance characteristics of equipment
  • Develop ability to deal with equipment handling and handling a C-arm fluoroscope in angioplasty and orthopedics and in many other departments as well.
  • Handling and operating all surgical instruments.
  • Apply the principles of management, organizational behavior, supervision, budgeting, human resource management, and labor relations in Operation Theaters.
  • Enhance human interaction and performance in the clinical environment by integrating liberal education principles.
  • The Surgical Technologists should be able to integrate seven areas of key importance in the dental departments. The seven areas include patient care, use of technology, optimization of clinical services, clinical responsibility, organization, quality assurance and education and training.

Objectives

Surgical Technology education and training should enable the student to:

  • Develop accuracy and meticulousness to attain high levels of ethics and technical proficiency.
  • Assess the technical and non-technical skills in a standardized and reproducible environment.
  • Strengthen the decision power and exercise appropriate judgment skills, to be applied especially during crisis.
  • Develop good leadership, problem solving and administrative skills.
  • Develop and analyze innovative strategies for effective communication with the patients and the healthcare personnel.
  • Demonstrate interdisciplinary team building strategies for effective co-ordination between various Allied Health Disciplines.
  • Demonstrate understanding of the basic concepts of professional behavior and legal implications of the work environment.
  • Demonstrate the knowledge of his / her role in health care delivery system.
  • Establish and maintain continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence

Program structure

Title of Degree:                   BS Hons Anesthesia Technology

Duration:                              4 Years

Semester:                              8

Entry Requirements:         FSc. (Pre-Medical) with 50% Marks or Equivalent

Recognition:                        Higher Education Commission (HEC), Govt. of Pakistan and                                                  Pakistan Allied Health Professional Council

Title of Graduates:             Surgical Technologists/ Surgical Technology Professionals.

 

Syllabus and subject Distribution

1ST Year/1ST Semester

Course Code Subject Credit hour
ST-1001 ANATOMY I 3+1
ST-1002 PHYSIOLOGY I 3+1
ST-1003 BIOCHEMISTRY I 3+1
ST-1004 ENGLISH I 2+0
ST-1005 PAK STUDIES 2+0
ST-1006 COMPUTER SKILLS 2+0
Total credit hours 18

 

 

1st Year/2nd Semester

Course Code Subject Credit hour
ST-1007 ANATOMY II 3+1
ST-1008 PHYSIOLOGY II 3+1
ST-1009 BIOCHEMISTRY II 3+1
ST-1010 ENGLISH II 2+0
ST-1011 ISLAMIAT 2+0
ST-1012 HISTOLOGY 2+0
Total Credit hours 18

 

2nd Year/3rd Semester

Course Code Subject Credit hour
ST-1013 SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS /EQUIPMENTS 3+1
ST-1014 MICRO BIOLOGY 3+0
ST-1015 QUALITY ASSURANCE AND BIOSAFETY 2+0
ST-1016  PHARMACOLOGY I 3+0
ST-1017 PATHOLOGY I 2+0
ST-1021 MEDICINE I 3+0
Total credit hours 17

 

2nd Year/ 4th Semester

Course Code Subject Credit hour
ST-1019  OPERATION THEATER DESIGN 3+1
ST-1020  GENERAL SURGERY 3+0
ST-1021  MEDICINE II 2+1
ST-1022 PHARMACOLOGY II 3+0
ST-1023 PATHOLOGY II 2+0
ST-1024 DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES 3+0
TOTAL CREDIT HOURS 18

 

3rd Year/5th Semester

Course Code Subject Credit hour
ST-1025 MEDICAL AND SURGICAL EMERGENCY 2+1
ST-1026 SURGICAL FIRST ASSISTANCE 2+1
ST-1027 ACCIEDENT AND TRAUMA MANAGEMENT 2+1
ST-1029 FLUIDS DYNAMICS AND FLUID MANAGEMENT 2+1
ST-1030 INSTRUMENTS FOR EMERGENCYPROCEDURES 2+1
Total credit hours 18

 

 

 

 

3rd Year/ 6th Semester

Course Code Subject Credit hour
ST-1031 PRE OPERATIVE CARE AND POSTOPERATIVE CARE 3+1
ST-1032 CLINICAL OPERATIVE GEN SURGERY 3+1
ST-1034 CLINICAL OPERATIVE GYNACOLOGY AND OBSTITRICAL SURGERY 2+1
ST-1035 INSTRUMENTS FOR ELECTIVE PROCEDURE 2+1
ST-1036 INFECTION CONTROLE 2+0
Total credit hours 16

 

4th Year/7th Semester

Course Code Subject Credit hour
ST-1037 CLINICAL OPERATIVE ORTHOPEDIC AND OPTHALAMIC SURGERY 3+1
ST-1038 CLINICAL OPERATIVE UROGICAL SURGERIES 3+1
ST-1039 CLINICAL OPERATIVE THORACIC AND NEURO SURGERY 3+1
ST-1040 BIOSTATICS & RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 2+0
ST-1041 FIRST AID 2+1
TOTAL CREDIT HOURS 17

 

4th Year /8TH SEMESTER

COURSE CODE SUBJECT CREDIT HOUR
ST-1018 BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE 2+0
ST-1042 MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY-I 2+0
ST-1043 RESEARCH PROJECT(THESIS) 5
ST-1044 BIOSTATICS & RESEARCH PROGRAMME 2+1
TOTAL CREDIT HOURS 12