Optical Technician





Duration: (One Year)



Sukkur Institute of Health Sciences (SIHS) Sukkur is the project of Sukkur Institute of Health Sciences (Private) Limited Islamabad and has been established at Al-Shifa Trust Eye hospital Sukkur.

The SIHS has been established to impart the market oriented quality training to produce the health professionals to serve in the country and abroad.

The SIHS has been established in the purpose built building having covered area of 22500 SQFT and total area of 10 kanals.

The SIHS is affiliated with Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Sukkur which is 80 bedded Eye hospital.

At the outset because of high numbers of patients it is realized that specialized services i.e. Optometrist, Orthoptist, Ophthalmic Technician, Nursing assistants, are required to assist the Ophthalmologists.

The SIHS is offering Nursing, Optometry and Public Health programs to produce the market oriented health professionals.

In modern development research it requires to enhance the quality of optical shops to properly guide the customers to fulfill that requirement, the SIHS is offering 1 year Optical Technician course where the Students will be trained  properly how to improve the quality of The Optical shop.


The course shall be conducted for a period of 1 year coinciding with the academic calendar of Sukkur Institute of Health Sciences (SIHS).

One period of one hour four to five days a week for one year shall be spend on interactive tutorial sessions. During these sessions, the students will participate actively on group discussion on topics designated. The rest of time spent in.

Optical workshop for learning dispensing skills .The recommended reading material will be utilized from library.



  • Candidates for admission must obtain a pass at Matric level, with a minimum of second division.
  • Practicing opticians will be given preference
  • The maximum age limit of the candidates will be 25 years.
  • Admission of the candidate for the course will be through entrance test and interview.



Orientation & Introduction

  • Orientation on basic Eye structure.
  • Orientation on basic Optical Terminologies
  • Orientation on Introduction to Optics of Globe & Lenses
  • Orientation on Vision & Protocols
  • Orientation on basic subjective & Objective refraction skill
  • Orientation on basic Optical Instruments (Ophthalmoscope/Retinoscope/Focimeter/Autorefractometer/Keratometer/Dispensing Instruments)


MODULE 2    

Contact Lenses

  • history
  • types of contact lenses
  • Contact Lens manufacturing
  • Contact Lens Materials
  • Advantages/disadvantages of contact lenses
  • Indication /Contraindication of contact lens
  • Contact Lens Care System
  • Contact Lens Verification
  • Custom made Contact Lenses
  • Contact lens Solutions

Low Vision

  • definition/introduction
  • introduction to Light house
  • vision charts used in low vision
  • low vision devices
  • Magnification
  • Low vision Spectial Lens Manufacturing


  • introduction
  • prism
  • Fresnel prism uses
  • prism prescription


Optical Dispensing

  • Definitions
  • Types of materials used in Optical dispensing
  1. Frame Materials
    Plastic Frames           
    Cellulose Acetate
    b. Nylon
    c. Epoxy Resin/Acrylic Resin
    d. Tortoise Shell
  2. Cellulose Nitrate
  3. Carbon Fiber
  4. Cellulose Propionate

Metallic/Metal Alloys Frames (Advantages/Disadvantages)
a. Gold/Gold Alloys

  1. Gold plated
  2. Nickel
  3. Nickel Silver
  4. Aluminium
  5. Titanium
  6. Optyl
  7. Stainless Steel
  8. Cobalt
  9. Flexon


  1. Lens Material   (Definition & Types of Materials )

a.High Index Lenses

b.Polycarbonate Lenses

  1. Trivex
  2. CR-39
  3. Polyurethane
  4. Anti glare
  5. Anti Fog
  6. Lenticular
  7. Aspheric
  8. Polarized
  9. HD Lenses
  10. Coated Lenses         
  • Mirror Coated
  • Mercury Coated
    • Diamond Glass Coated
  1. Progressive lenses (Definition /types/Construction)






  Parts of frames:

  1. Front Two pieces connected by the Bridge(Concept of Rim , eye pieces & end piece)
  2. Bridge :
  3. a) (Definition)

                        b)Types of Bridges

a.Saddle bridge

b.Modified Saddle Bridge

c.Insert bridge

d.Metal brige

e.Key hole bridge

  1. Pad bridge
  2. Comfort bridge
  3. Lugs & Hinges
  4. Nose pads (Loose Nose pads / Fixed Nose pads )
  5. Temple

Definition & Types of temples

  1. a) Skull
  2. b) Library
  3. c) Convertible
  4. d) Riding Bow
  5. e) Comfort Cable
  • Types of lenses:
  1. a) Spherical Lenses
  2. b) Cylindrical Lenses
  3. c) Toric Lenses
  4. d) Special Purpose Lenses:
  5. Antiglare lenses
  6. Photochromatic lenses
  7. Polarized Lenses
  8. Hi-index Lenses
  9. Lenticular Lenses
  10. Polycarbonate Lenses
  11. Cosmetic Tinted Lenses


  • Bifocals:
  1. a) Manufacturing of bifocals

b)Techniques of manufacturing of Bifocas

  1. c) Types of bifocals
  2. Franklin Bifocals
  3. Executive Bifocals
  4. D Bifocals
  5. C Top Bifocals
  6. Cemented bifocals
  7. d) Bifocal fitting
  8. e) Pediatric bifocals
  9. f) instructions to patient to use bifocals
  10. g) Multifocals/progressives designs and fitting
  • Pediatric Dispensing:
  1. a) Pediatric guideline for frame selection
  2. b) Materials suitable for Frame
  3. c) Materials suitable for Spectacle lenses
  4. d) Frame designs according to face types
  5. e) Frame selection for different prescription


  • IPD Marking:
  1. IPD (Definition & Types of IPD measurement)
  2. Techniques of IPD measurement
  • Centration Decentration of lenses
  • BVD
  • Tints/ Filters
  • Determination of Blank size
  • Lensometer
  • Axis Marking
  • Lens Cutting Techning
  • Pantascopic tilt


Fitting techniques

  • Material/instruments used
  • Manual fitting
  • Auto edger use
  • Frame adjustment
  • Tinting of glasses
  • frame repairing
  • Lens Cutting Technique



Optical Lab:

  • Optical Counters
  • Stock Room
  • Fitting Room


  • Peads Refraction
  • General OPD Refraction
  • Cornea Refraction
  • OPD -1 Refraction

Low Vision

  • Light House
  • Contact Lens

Professional Practice:

This course will help you prepare for employment as an optical Shop and to complete basic business tasks on the job.



  • Describe the elements of professional appearance.
  • Explain the importance of maintaining confidentiality.
  • Locate employment opportunities.
  • Create a resume and cover letter.
  • Prepare for an Interview.
  • Perform record Keeping and billing tasks.
  • Identify the basic procedure of frame board management and inventory control.
  • Discus the importance of the doctor –Optician and customer
  • Describe the proper way to greet a patient in person and on the telephone.
  • How to deal the customer & selection of frames according the perception.
  • To describe the customer about the lenses.
  • How to cut the lens, how to form the shape of the lens according the frame.
  • How to fit the lens in the frame.


Practical Training

This program requires you to enroll in a 1 year practicum during the course of your studies. You will be required to find a site within your local community to perform specific optician duties in order to complete the practicum. Potential clinical site include an optician’s officers or laboratory, an optometric practice that contains an optical dispensary, an ophthalmic practice that contains an optical dispensary, a hospital that contains a eye clinic, and a retail optical business. All Clinical sites must b approved by the program instructor. You will being you sites search now (although it is recommended that you select this site before enrolling in the program) and begin complete your practicum requirement. Which will be due at the end of the programe.