BS Hons Dental Hygiene


 Dental hygiene

Program Name

BS Dental Hygiene


4 Years, 8 Semesters


Higher Education Commission (HEC), Govt. of Pakistan and Pakistan Allied Health Professional Council Islamabad

What is BS Hons Dental hygiene ?

BS Hons Dental hygiene

A dental hygienist or oral hygienist is a licensed dental professional, registered with a dental association or regulatory body within their country of practice. Prior to completing clinical and written board examinations, registered dental hygienists must have Bachelor’s degree in Dental Hygiene from an accredited college or university. Once registered, hygienists are primary healthcare professionals who work independently of or alongside dentists and other dental professionals to provide full oral health care. They have the training and education that focus on and specialize in the prevention and treatment of many oral diseases.

Dental hygienists have a specific scope of clinical procedures they provide to their patients. They assess a patient’s condition in order to offer patient-specific preventative and educational services to promote and maintain good oral health. The major role of a dental hygienist is to perform periodontal therapy which includes things such periodontal charting, periodontal debridement (scaling and root planning), prophylaxis (preventing disease) or periodontal maintenance procedures for patients with periodontal disease. The use of therapeutic methods assists their patients in controlling oral disease, while providing tailored treatment plans that emphasize the importance of behavioral changes. Some dental hygienists are licensed to administer local anesthesia and perform dental radiography. Dental hygienists are also the primary resource for oral cancer screening and prevention. In addition to these procedures, hygienists may take intraoral radiographs, apply dental sealants, administer topical fluoride, and provide patient-specific oral hygiene instruction. Additionally, they can perform many tasks related to orthodontia, such as selecting and sizing of orthodontic bands for dental braces and the removal of orthodontic appliances. They are also able to make dental impressions for the construction of study casts and mouth guards.

Dental hygienists work in a range of dental settings, from independent, private, or specialist practices to the public sector. They can also work in residential aged care facilities. Dental hygienists work together with other dental professionals, with a higher number working at general practices with dentists, dental therapists and oral health therapists. A smaller number work at specialist practices alongside orthodontists and periodontists. They help with the contribution of an interdisciplinary approach, aiming to provide optimum oral health care to their patients. Dental hygienists also aim to work inter-professionally to provide holistic oral health care in the best interest of their patient. Dental hygienists also offer expertise in their field and can provide a dental hygiene diagnosis, which is an integral component of the comprehensive dental diagnosis.

Most dental diseases are preventable. This indicates that the main concept of dentistry could be changed to a situation in which the dental hygienist becomes the principal oral care professional. The competencies of dental hygienists focus on disease prevention and oral health promotion; thus referral to a dentist would only become necessary in the event of a failure in the preventive program where disease cannot be controlled. Dental hygienists are uniquely qualified and specially trained to work with the dentist, focusing on periodontal health by monitoring oral hygiene practices and assisting the patient to develop a home care plan to maintain their oral health. Hygienist is specially trained to carry out scaling and polishing and is also expert at teaching patients how to look after their teeth and gums. The focus on prevention and health promotion makes the dental hygienist a very important person in the dental team of the future Dental hygienists are a valuable asset in a dental practice. In addition to Performing technical duties, they play an important role in teaching patients appropriate oral hygiene techniques and counseling them regarding good nutrition and its impact on the oral health. Due to their education and clinical training in a highly skilled discipline, dental hygienists are respected as valued members of the dental health team. They administer drugs to patients to aid in the treatment of vision problems. They care for patients before and after surgeries such as laser vision correction and cataract removal.

The average Dental Hygienist salary in the United States is $72,450 as of October 31, 2018, but the range typically falls between $62,184 and $82,468.

The average dental hygienist salary in Pakistan is RS. 1056048 or an equivalent hourly rate of RS. 508. Salary estimates based on salary survey data collected.

Graduates of BS hons Dental Hygiene can pursue their post-graduation i.e. MS/PHD in hospital care management, Public health, Advanced Restorative and Periodontal Practice(MSc), Dental Public Health, Dental Hygiene (MSc). MS in public health and hospital care management are being offered by various universities in Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi and Peshawar but MS in other fields is only available in Foreign countries which is certainly not in the vicinity of every student, due to lack of institutions offering post-graduate courses students are compelled to apply in foreign universities to continue their studies as a simple graduate suffers a lot in the field and has few chances to excel in professional career. It’s not possible for every student to go abroad either due to family reservations or due to excessive financial burden. Government needs to pay strong attention regarding this dilemma of our society in order to meet international standards.

There are multiple universities in Germany, Australia, Canada, Sweden, United Kingdom, China, America and Middle-eastern countries that offer post-graduation courses on partial and full scholarships, their entire detail is available on the sites of universities. Moreover students can work with foreign professors as research associates and research internees. In order to do clinical practice, license acquisition is necessary, there are various competency exams for above mentioned countries such as PCE for Canada, HCPC for UK and MOH for UAE and middle-eastern countries.

Job Placement

  • Council: Pakistan Allied Health Professional Council
  • Job Placement:

There will be a wide range of job opportunities for Dental technologist/ Hygienists in different clinical setups.

Government sector: Grade 16/17 Professional.

Seats: 2 to 3 in Dental Departments of DHQ and THQ Hospitals.

Public sector

  • Hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Dental laboratories

Private Sector

  • Private hospitals
  • Teaching Hospitals as Educationists and Clinical Instructors.
  • There are many employment opportunities in the field of dental hygiene, since many dentists employ one or more dental hygienists.
  • Dental hygienists are in demand in general dental practices, as well as in specialty practices such as periodontics or pediatric dentistry.
  • Dental hygienists may also be employed to provide dental hygiene services for patients in hospitals, nursing homes and public health clinics.
  • Depending upon the level of education and experience achieved, dental hygienists can also apply their skills and knowledge to other career activities such as teaching dental hygiene students in dental schools and dental hygiene education programs.
  • Research, office management and business administration are other career options.
  • Additionally, employment opportunities may be available with companies that market dental-related materials and equipment


Learning Outcomes

Following competencies will be expected from a student completing 4 years degree course in BS Dental Hygiene. The student should be proficient to:

  • Provide quality patient care in routine as well as advanced dental procedures.
  • Assessing and interpreting prescriptions.
  • Consulting to jointly consider changes that are beneficial to the patient.
  • Determining the shape and contours, material and methods of production.
  • Evaluate performance characteristics of equipment.
  • Capable of performing non-surgical periodontal therapy, treatments involved in this phase include: Debridement, Antimicrobial therapy, Correction of local risk factors, Fluoride therapy, Caries control and placement of temporary restorations, Occlusal therapy and Minor orthodontic treatment.
  • Re-evaluation of non-surgical periodontal therapy.
  • surgical periodontal therapy
  • Supportive periodontal therapy and restorative therapy.
  • Maintenance phase
  • Apply the principles of management, organizational behavior, supervision, budgeting, human resource management, and labor relations in a dental laboratory/ dental clinic.
  • Enhance human interaction and performance in the clinical environment by integrating liberal education principles.
  • The Dental Hygienist should be able to integrate seven areas of key importance in the dental departments. The seven areas include patient care, use of technology, optimization of clinical services, clinical responsibility, organization, quality assurance and education and training.


Dental Hygiene education and training should enable the student to:

  • Develop accuracy and meticulousness to attain high levels of ethics and technical proficiency.
  • Assess the technical and non-technical skills in a standardized and reproducible environment.
  • Strengthen the decision power and exercise appropriate judgment skills, to be applied especially during crisis.
  • Develop good leadership, problem solving and administrative skills.
  • Develop and analyze innovative strategies for effective communication with the patients and the healthcare personnel.
  • Demonstrate interdisciplinary team building strategies for effective co-ordination between various Allied Health Disciplines.
  • Demonstrate understanding of the basic concepts of professional behavior and legal implications of the work environment.
  • Demonstrate the knowledge of his / her role in health care delivery system.
  • Establish and maintain continuing education as a function of growth and maintenance of professional competence

Program structure

  • Title of Degree: BS in Dental Hygiene
  • Duration: 4 Years
  • Semester: 8
  • Entry Requirements: FSc. (Pre-Medical) with 50% Marks or Equivalent
  • Recognition: Higher Education Commission (HEC), Govt. of Pakistan